Chapra headquarters of district SARAN is lying between 25°-39’ and 26°-14’N and 84°-23’ and 85°-12’ E. Siwan district is bounded on the west by the Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh, on the North and North-West by the Gopalganj district, On the East and South-East by the Sadar Sub-division and on the South by the river Ghaghara.
" 6 kos ( Devnagri unit of measurement for distance ) of area towards north, east and west from the bank of the river Ganga and Ghaghara (Saryug) upto their sangam at sonpur starting from the ashrams of Gautam rishi at Revelganj (Ahilya Asthan) and Dadhichi rishi (Dahiyawa) is known as CHHAH + PARA = CHHAPRA.
Meaning of chhapra: Chha (6) - in hindi indicates 6 bad characters / abstracts, para - stands for separate/ far
6 bads :
2) Krodh (Anger)
3) Maddh (Alcoholics)
4) Moh (Affection)
5) Lobh (greediness )
6) Ahankar (Ego / Arrogance).
Geography of present Saran District:
There are three major rivers namely Ganga, Ghagra, Gandak which incircles the district from South, North, East and West side respectively. The district froms a very significant part of the famous Gangetic plain but there are quite a few depression and marshes which constituted there material divisions. Firstly the Alluvial plains along the big rivers which are subject to periodic inundation and prone to flood.
Secondly the Reasons of uplands away from the rivers and not subjected to floods and thirdly the ‘Diara’ areas in the beds of these great rivers.
Out of twenty blocks of the district, six blocks namely Sonepur, Dighwara, Revelganj, Chapra, Manjhi and Dariapur are effected by floods regularly. There are six partially flooded blocks namely Garkha, Parsa, Marhoura, Amnour, Ekma and Jalalpur. The sole of the district is fertilize. No mineral of economic value is found in the district.
Chapra is famous for its many Leritages being one of them. Bhojpuri is dialect of this place. Ara (Arrah), Ballia (Balia), Chapra and Deoria, the Bhojpuri heartland, are known as "ABCD" of India due to their people's congruence of language and culture. It was constituted a municipality in 1864. The history as mentioned in the 'Ain-E-Akbari records Saran as one of the six Sarkars (Revenue Divisions) constituting the province of Bihar including Saran and Champaran. These two were later combined to form a single unit named Saran later on its name became CHAPRA.
Chapra is also renowned place of great luminaries like Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, Lok Nayak Jay Prakash Narayan, Bhikhari Thakur (famous as Shakespeare of Bhojpuri), Maulana Mazharul Haque, Dr. Syed Mahmaud, Braj kishore Prasad, Jaglal Chaudhary famous music composer of Bollywood, Chitragupta, Rahul Sanskritiyan, the great Dani Maurdhivaja, the King, Mahamaya Prasad, Daroga Prasad Roy, Ram Surendra Das, Lalu Prasad Yadav etc.
The town/city is not only connected with other parts of Bihar by Rail and Road, but also with the whole of India because of the good communication network. The city/town has air base. However, the nearest Airport is the international Jay Prakash Narayan Airport, Patna. The Chapra Railway Station is an the Gorakhpur, Siwan, Hajipur, Muzaffarpur, Barauni, Baranasi, Balia and Marhowrah, Musrakh, Gopalganj, Thawe rail route. The district Saran (Chapra) is fast growing as an industrial hub, because of the establishment of Railway wheel factory at Bela, Railway Coach Factory at Sonepur and another Railway factory coming up at Marhowrah.
The Saran District was also famous once upon a time for Morton Chocolates and Sugar factory at Marhowrah.
Swami Adbhutanand (Latu Mahraj) who belonged to Chapra was an outstanding disciple of Swami Rama Krishna and there is a Ram Krishna Mission Ashram here.
National Highway 85 and NH 19 has its route through Chapra. National Highway 101 and National Highway 102 originate from Chapra.